While Japanese culture and art seemed to be influencing Europe during this time, I wanted to concentrate on other artists (since Ata already covered upon Japan). There were many notable artists during this time; however, a couple artists that caught my attention were Gustave Doré, Roger Fenton, and Julia Margaret Cameron.
He was a very famous self-taught artist, print-maker, illustrator, and sculptor who produced over a surprising 100,000 sketches throughout his whole lifetime. He mostly created wood engravings and his work was really weird because he rarely created anything using color, which lead people into thinking he was color blind. His work mainly focused on the poor and the poverty that was happening in London, but he never worked using a model or from nature. However, his work was difficult to display since he had a lot of negative use of color in his artwork. I find him incredible since he had a mind and style of his own compared to other artists at the time.
He was one of the first war photographers who first became interested in photography after seeing photos displayed at the Great Exhibition in 1851. He then headed out to Paris to learn calotype, which became useful for him later on when the Crimean War started in 1854. However, Fenton was limited when taking his shots because of the nature of his photographic equipment and the need for long exposures, so he was only able to take pictures of stationary objects or posed shots. He refused to take pictures of the dead or injured but instead took pictures of the landscape where soldiers fought in. He shot over 350 negatives and later went back to law since he wasn’t receiving any profit from his work.
Julia Margaret Cameron
Finally, a woman appears in a art discussion! Cameron started her photography career at 48, after she received a camera from her daughter as a present. She is known for her portraits of celebrities and how she gave soft focus to her portraits because she considered photography a form of art. Her style was not appreciated during her time, but instead became popular in 1948 and has to this day influenced many photographers especially with her style of cropping the image close to the figure. What’s really special about her work is that they are sometimes the only available images of historical figures. She not only tried to show each individual’s personality through the photographs, but she was constantly striving to capture the beauty of each shot.